Protecting Public Health and the Environment.
Salvage yards in Idaho are impacted by various environmental regulations depending on the activities conducted at the yard.
Salvage yards conduct several activities that can potentially emit air pollutants into the atmosphere and, therefore, may be regulated by state and federal regulations. Such activities can include the use of waste oil burners, refrigerant evacuation, open burning, and odors generated from residual fuel handling.
DEQ's Rules for the Control of Air Pollution in Idaho, IDAPA 58.01.01.600-617 prohibit open burning of "trade waste." For business operators and owners, trade waste includes all waste materials generated while operating a business in Idaho.
Depending on the heat rating of your used oil burner and the source of your used oil, you may need permitting, oil testing, or other periodic documentation. DEQ's Rules for the Control of Air Pollution in Idaho, IDAPA 58.01.01.222.02.h list specific requirements to ensure compliance.
IDAPA 58.01.01.775 limits the emission of odorous gases, liquids, or solids to quantities below levels that would cause air pollution.
Under the federal Clean Air Act, it is illegal to vent any ozone depleting substance or its substitute; refrigerants should be recovered into a registered recovery device. This requirement is administered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Salvage yards typically generate hazardous wastes through the variety of services they offer. Used batteries, antifreeze, mercury switches, oil, solvents, and other waste fluids are just a few examples of wastes that need to be handled and managed properly. Management of hazardous waste is regulated by the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), which is administered by DEQ. The types and number of requirements that must be complied with are based on the quantity and type of waste generated.
Salvage yards that generate waste tires are required to store, transport, and dispose of the tires properly.
Salvage yards can impact Idaho's surface and ground waters and may be subject to state water quality standards and the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permitting program. Under this program, the (EPA) regulates the discharge of pollutants into any water body of the U.S., including storm water sewer systems. As a result, salvage yards may be required to have an industrial storm water permit. If the auto salvage yard is located within a city that has an NPDES permit, the shop may be subject to the city's pretreatment and storm water requirements.
Compliance Screening Checklist
Auto Salvage Environmental Best Practices Poster
Automotive Service and Repair/Automotive Assembly/Auto Salvaging: Compliance Assistance
Auto Salvage Yards: Compliance Assistance Resources
Coordinating Committee for Automotive Repair-GreenLink
Idaho Fact Sheets for Automotive Recyclers
Auto Salvage-Great Lakes Region Topic Hub
Mercury-Automotive Topic Hub
Stormwater Management: An Overview for Auto Recyclers
Stormwater Management: A Guide for Auto Recycler Owners and Operators
Industrial Stormwater Fact Sheet for Automotive Salvage Yards